Write an essay about captain james cook


October 27, in Marton, England Died: Killed by natives at the Hawaiian Islands on February 14, Check this out known for: Exploring the South Pacific Biography: James Cook was a British navigator and explorer who sailed and mapped much of the South Cok. Where did Captain Cook grow up?

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James Cook was born on October 27, in Marton, England. His father was a farmer, but as James grew older he began to feel the lure of the sea.

At around the age of 18 he took an apprenticeship as a merchant seaman. Although he did well and was advancing in the merchant navy, Cook decided to enlist in the Royal Navy at the start of the Seven Years War. It was during the Seven Years War that James became a master at map making. His ability at surveying, navigating, and creating large accurate maps was noticed by those high up in the Navy. The Endeavour Cook was given command jmes the Endeavour by England's Royal Society. The ship was a cat-collier that was typically article source for carrying coal.

Write an essay about captain james cook

It wasn't fast, but it was durable and could carry a lot of supplies. Captain Cook introduced rwite rigid and innovative rules in order to keep his crew healthy and safe. He required his men to bathe every day, the ship to be kept very clean, and the bedding to be aired twice a week. He also brought lots of fresh fruit to keep his write from getting scurvy. These rules and planning helped his men to stay healthy throughout the long voyages ahead. First Expedition Cook set off for his first journey on August 26, His main read more was to observe the planet Venus as it passed between the Earth and the Sun.

Jqmes would help astronomers to calculate the distance of the Sun from the Earth. He also hoped to find the fabled southern continent. Routes of Captain James Cook through the South Pacific The first voyage is in red, the second in green, and the third in blue. By Andre Engels Click to see a larger view During this trip he visited Tahiti where he made the observations of Venusthe Society Islands, and New Zealand. He mapped much of the two main islands of New Zealand, but also ended up fighting with the local Maori tribe.

Next stop on the journey was the east coast of Australia. Here James and his crew found all sorts of interesting animals and plants including the kangaroo. Unfortunately, the ship was damaged on some coral and they had to stop for a while to do repairs. Many wrige the anout got malaria wn mosquitoes during this stop and over 30 of the crew died from the disease. Finally they returned home in July ofnearly three years after their departure. Click here to see an animated route of Cook's first voyage. Second Expedition Captain Cook's second expedition took place from This time he took two ships, the Adventure and the Resolution.

His goal was to either discover the southern continent or prove that it didn't exist. He went below 70 degrees latitude. This was the furthest south any European had explored.

He also brought lots of fresh fruit to keep his men from getting scurvy. We may also merge and rename suggestions for clarity. As one of the very few men in the 18th century navy to rise through the ranks, Cook was particularly sympathetic to the needs of ordinary sailors. Once the observations were completed, Cook opened the sealed orders which were additional instructions from the Admiralty for the second part of his voyage: Your submission is subject to the UserVoice License Terms. Also named after Cook is the James Cook University Hospital, a major teaching hospital opened in David Samwell, who sailed with Cook on the Resolution, wrote of him:

He also visited Easter Island. Click here to see an animated route of Cook's second voyage. Final Journey Cook's final expedition lasted from to The goal of this journey was to find a northwest passage across North America to Asia. He searched the coast of Alaska to no avail.

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He did find the Hawaiian Islandshowever they were named go here Sandwich Islands at the time. At first Captain Cook and his men capatin along well with the natives of the Hawaiian Islands. However, things went bad when the natives stole a sailboat. Cook tried to write an essay about captain james cook the chief to hold him as ransom for the boat.

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In the attempt a fight broke out and he was killed by the natives. Cook's ship the Resolution Fun Facts about Captain Cook The first European to set foot on Australia's east coast was Cook's nephew Isaac Smith. The Endeavour also had scientists aboard including botanist Joseph Banks. They collected and recorded numerous plants and animals throughout their journey.

Tahiti was so nice and the natives so friendly that some of Cook's crew wanted to stay. The Maori warriors in New Zealand wore tattoos on their faces. Some of the Endeavour's sailors got tattoos on their arms and started a tradition that continues today.

As Cook was exploring during the American RevolutionBenjamin Franklin wrote to the captains of America's warships telling them to not attack or harass Cook's ships. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page.


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