Examples of introductory paragraphs in essays
The role of introductions Introductions and conclusions can be the most difficult parts of papers to write. Usually when you sit down to respond to an assignment, you have at least some sense of what you want to say in the body of your paper.
Essay may paragraphs examples introductory essays in of academic
If your readers pick up your paper about education in the autobiography of Frederick Douglass, for example, they need a transition to help them leave behind the world of Chapel Hill, television, e-mail, and The Daily Tar Heel and to help them temporarily enter the world of nineteenth-century American slavery. By providing an introduction that helps your readers make a transition between their own world and the issues you will be writing about, you give your readers the tools they need to get into your topic and care about what you are saying.
See our handout on conclusions. Note that what constitutes a good introduction may vary widely based on the kind of paper you are writing and the academic discipline in which you are writing it. Why bother writing a good introduction? You never get a second chance to make a first impression.
The opening paragraph of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions of your argument, your writing style, and the overall quality of your work. A vague, disorganized, error-filled, off-the-wall, or boring introduction will probably create a negative impression. On the other hand, a concise, engaging, and well-written introduction will start your readers off thinking highly of you, your analytical skills, your writing, and your paper.
Commitment being paragraphs in essays of examples introductory conclusion
Your introduction is an important road map for the rest of your paper. Your introduction objective where to get sunday paper on saturday are a lot of information to your readers.
You can let them know what your topic is, why it is important, and how you plan to proceed with your discussion. After reading your introduction, your readers should not have any major surprises in store when they read the main body of your paper. Ideally, your introduction will make your readers want to read your paper. Strategies for writing an effective introduction Start by thinking about the question or questions you are trying to answer.
Your entire essay will be a response to this question, and your introduction is the first step toward that end. Your direct answer to the assigned question will be your thesis, and your thesis will likely be included in your introduction, so it is a good idea to use the question as a jumping off point.
Imagine that you are assigned the following question: Drawing on the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, discuss the relationship between education and slavery in 19th-century America.
How did white control of education reinforce slavery? How did Douglass and other enslaved African Americans view education while they endured slavery? And what role did education play in the acquisition of freedom? Most importantly, consider the degree to which education was or was not a major force for social change with regard to slavery. You will probably refer back to your assignment extensively as you prepare your complete essay, and the prompt itself can also give you some clues about how to approach the introduction.
Notice that it starts with a broad statement and then narrows to focus on specific questions from the book.
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One strategy might be to use a similar model in your own introduction—start off with a big picture sentence or two and then focus in on the details of your argument about Douglass. Of course, a different approach could also be very successful, but looking at the way the professor set up the question can sometimes give you some ideas for how you might answer it. See our handout on understanding assignments for additional information on the hidden clues in assignments. Decide how general or broad your opening should be.
If you have ever used Google Maps or similar programs, that experience can provide a helpful way of thinking about how broad your opening should be. Try writing your introduction last. The writing process can be an important way to organize your ideas, think through complicated issues, refine your thoughts, and develop a sophisticated argument. However, an introduction written at the beginning of that discovery process will not necessarily reflect what you wind up with at the end. You will need to revise your paper to make sure that the introduction, all of the evidence, and the conclusion reflect the argument you intend.
Some people find that they need to write some kind of introduction in order to get the writing process started. Consider these options remembering that they may not be suitable for all kinds of papers: Pay special attention to your first sentence. Start off on the right foot with your readers by making sure that the first sentence actually says something useful and that it does so in an interesting and polished way. If your friend is able to predict the rest of your paper accurately, you probably have a good introduction. Five kinds of less effective introductions 1.
If you had something more effective to say, you would probably say it, but in the meantime this paragraph is just a place holder. Slavery was one of the greatest tragedies in American history. There were many different aspects of slavery. Each created different kinds of problems for enslaved people. The restated question introduction.
Restating the question can sometimes be an effective strategy, but it can be easy to stop at JUST restating the question instead of offering a more specific, interesting introduction to your paper. The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass discusses the relationship between education and slavery in 19th century America, showing how white control of education reinforced slavery and how Douglass and other enslaved African Americans viewed education while they endured.
Moreover, the book discusses the role that education played in the acquisition of freedom. Education was a major force for social change with regard to slavery. This introduction begins by giving the dictionary definition of one or more of the words in the assigned question.
I translate ethnic slurs for Cuban refugees, I write award-winning operas, I manage time efficiently. Each created different kinds of problems for enslaved people. How can the narrator be happy after all that sorrow? Now your reader is expecting to read parsgraphs essay on cigarette advertising laws. Body — First paragraph: If you had something more effective to say, you would probably say it, but in the meantime this paragraph is just a place holder.
If you feel that you must seek out an authority, try to find one that is very relevant and specific. Perhaps a quotation from a source reading might prove better? Dictionary introductions are also ineffective simply because they are so overused. This kind of introduction generally makes broad, sweeping statements about the relevance of this topic since the beginning of time, throughout the world, etc. It is usually very general similar to the placeholder introduction and fails to connect to the thesis. Instructors often find them extremely annoying.
Since the dawn of man, slavery has been a problem in human history. The book report introduction. This introduction is what you had to do for your elementary school book reports. It gives the name and author of the book you are writing about, tells what the book is about, and offers other basic facts about the book. It is ineffective because it offers details that your reader probably already knows and that article source irrelevant to the thesis.
Frederick Douglass wrote his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, in the s. It was published in by Penguin Books. In it, he tells the story of his life. And now for the conclusion… Writing an effective introduction can be tough. Try playing around with several different options and choose the one that ends up sounding best to you! Just as your introduction helps readers make the transition to your topic, your conclusion needs to help them return to their daily lives—but with a lasting sense of how what they have just read is useful or meaningful.
Works consulted We consulted these works while writing the original version of this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. All quotations are from Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, edited and with introduction by Houston A.
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