Words used to end an essay
Transitions What this handout is about In this crazy, mixed-up world of ours, transitions glue our ideas and our essays together. This handout will introduce you to click useful transitional expressions and help you employ them effectively. The function and importance of transitions In both academic writing and professional writing, your goal is to convey information clearly and concisely, if not to convert the reader to your way of thinking.
Transitions help you to achieve these goals by establishing logical connections between sentences, paragraphs, and sections of your papers.
Part 2 Writing the Conclusion 1 Start with a small transition optional. Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that wwords not be immediately apparent. In other words, they live on the land and in the water. First and foremost, she is an artist. For example, an essay on Marx's treatment of the conflict between wage labor and capital might begin with Marx's claim that the "capitalist economy is.
In other words, transitions tell readers what to do with the information you present to them. Whether single words, quick phrases, or full sentences, they function as signs that tell readers how to think about, organize, and react to old and new ideas as they read through what you have written. Transitions signal relationships between ideas—relationships such as: Wores are not just verbal decorations that embellish your paper by making it sound or read better. They are words with particular meanings that tell the reader to think and react in a particular way to your ideas.
In providing the reader with these important cues, transitions help readers understand the logic of how your ideas fit together.
Ways to lose your reader is to use phrases like, in conclusion, in summary, to summarize, or any phrase that states the obvious to the reader. Your readers instructors, friends, or classmates tell you that they had trouble following your organization or train of thought. But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of your main ideas. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day. Part 3 Avoiding Common Pitfalls 1 Avoid just restating your thesis. People use 43 muscles when they frown; however, they use only 28 muscles when they smile. This will reinforce your essay's argument, reminding the reader what you were talking about, or arguing for.
Signs that you might need to work on your transitions How can you tell whether you need to work on your transitions? Here are some possible clues: Your readers instructors, friends, or classmates tell you that they had trouble following your organization or train of thought. You tend to write the way you think—and your brain often jumps from one idea to another pretty quickly. In the margins of your draft, summarize in a word or short phrase what each paragraph is about or how it fits into your analysis as a whole.
This exercise should help you to see the order of and connection between your ideas more clearly. If after doing this exercise you find that you still have difficulty linking your ideas together in a coherent fashion, your problem may not be with transitions but with organization. How transitions work The organization of your written work includes two elements: Transitions cannot substitute for good organization, but they can make your organization clearer and easier to follow.
Take a edsay at the following example: El Pais, a Latin American country, has a new democratic government after having been a dictatorship for many years. Assume that you want to argue that El Pais is not as democratic as the conventional view would have us believe. One way to effectively organize your argument would be to present the conventional view and then to provide the reader with your critical response to this view.
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So, in Paragraph A you would enumerate all the reasons that someone might consider El Pais highly democratic, while in Paragraph B you would refute these points. The transition that wods establish the logical connection between these two key elements of your argument would indicate to the reader that the information in paragraph B contradicts the information in paragraph A.
As a result, you might organize your argument, including the transition that links paragraph A with paragraph B, in the following manner: In this way, transitions act as the glue that binds the components of your argument or discussion into a unified, coherent, and persuasive whole. Types of transitions Now that you have a general idea of how to go about developing effective transitions in your writing, let us briefly discuss the types of transitions your writing will use. The types of transitions available to you are as diverse as the circumstances in which you need to use them.
- But readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the pages, when an essay is about to end.
- In fact, it's the time to step back and focus on the big picture.
- Before using a particular transitional word in your paper, be sure you understand its meaning and usage completely and be sure that it's the right match for the logic in your paper.
A transition can be a single word, a phrase, a sentence, or an entire paragraph. In each case, it functions the same ho First, the transition either directly summarizes the content of a preceding sentence, paragraph, or section or implies such a summary by reminding the reader of what has come before.
Then, it helps the reader anticipate or comprehend the new information that you wish to present. Particularly in longer works, it may be necessary to include transitional paragraphs that summarize for the reader the information just covered and specify the rssay of this information to the discussion in the following section. If you have done a good job of arranging paragraphs so that the content of one leads logically to the next, the transition will highlight a relationship that already exists by summarizing the previous paragraph and suggesting something of the content of the paragraph that follows.
A transition between paragraphs can be a word ised two however, for example, similarlya ti, or a sentence. Transitions can be at the end of the first paragraph, at the beginning of the second paragraph, or in both places. As with transitions between sections and paragraphs, transitions within paragraphs act as cues by helping readers to anticipate what is coming before they read it. Within worda, transitions tend to be single words or short phrases.
Transitional expressions Effectively constructing each transition often depends upon your ability to identify words or phrases that will indicate for the reader the kind of logical relationships you want to convey. The table below should make it easier for you to find these words or phrases.
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Whenever you have trouble finding a word, phrase, ehd sentence to serve as an effective transition, refer to the information in the table for assistance. Look in the left column of the table for the kind of logical relationship you are trying to express.
Then look in the right column of the table for examples of user or phrases that express this logical relationship. Keep in mind that each of these words or phrases may have a slightly different meaning.