Does an essay have multiple paragraphs
Paragraphs and Topic Sentences A paragraph is a series of sentences that are organized and coherent, and are all related to a single topic. Almost every piece of writing you do that is longer than a few sentences should be organized into paragraphs. This is because paragraphs show a reader where the subdivisions of an essay begin and end, and thus help the reader see the organization of the essay and grasp its main points. Paragraphs can contain many different kinds of information.
A paragraph could contain a series of brief examples or a single long illustration of a general point. It might describe a place, character, or process; narrate a series of events; compare or contrast two or more things; classify items into categories; or describe causes and effects.
Avoid redundant phrasing, "In Section 2, In section 3, Without air pressure, the human body has no oxygen to sustain itself. However, here is an example of a concluding paragraph for you. This discussion has been closed. One of the challenges that is unique to space is the fact that space is a vacuum, which is a risk for various reasons. First Paragraph As with any essay, the first paragraph needs to introduce multipel topic. Not all thesis sentences will, or should, lay out each of the points you will cover in your essay. All writing is persuasive, and if you write with your audience in mind, it will make your argument much more persuasive to that particular audience.
Regardless of the kind of information they contain, all paragraphs share certain characteristics. One of the most important of these is a topic sentence.
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TOPIC SENTENCES A well-organized paragraph supports or develops a single controlling idea, which is expressed in a sentence called the topic sentence. A topic sentence has several important functions: Readers generally look to the first few sentences in a paragraph to determine the subject and perspective of the paragraph.
Although most paragraphs should have a topic sentence, there are a few situations when a paragraph might not need a topic sentence. For example, you might be able to omit a topic sentence in a paragraph that narrates a series of events, if a paragraph continues developing an idea that you introduced with a topic sentence in the previous paragraph, or if all just click for source sentences and details in a paragraph clearly refer—perhaps indirectly—to a main point.
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The vast majority of your paragraphs, however, should have a topic sentence. PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE Most paragraphs in an essay have a three-part structure—introduction, body, and conclusion.
You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information. Each part of the paragraph plays an important role in communicating your meaning to your reader.
For example, you can pqragraphs two paragraphs instead of one, or you can place more emphasis on one aspect of the intro than another. A number of other techniques that you can use to establish coherence in paragraphs are described below. It should also have a feeling of connection with the introduction, but you should not repeat it. Writing a good introduction A good paper introduction is fairly formulaic. There are other difficulties involved with space exploration, but these are three of the most important ones. This paragraph must be really really good.
The following paragraph illustrates this pattern of organization. In front of the tiny pupil of the eye they put, on Mount Palomar, a great monocle inches in diameter, and with it see times farther into the depths of space.
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Or, if we want to see distant happenings on earth, they use some of the previously wasted electromagnetic waves to carry television images which they re-create as light by whipping tiny crystals on a screen with electrons in a vacuum. Or they can bring happenings of long ago and far away as colored motion pictures, by arranging silver atoms and color-absorbing molecules to force light waves into the patterns of original reality.
- Paragraphs can contain many different kinds of information.
- It is often effective to end a body paragraph with a sentence that rationalizes its presence in the essay.
- FIRST OF ALL, large animals have relatively smaller brains than related, small animals.
Or if we want to see into the center of a steel casting or the chest of an injured child, they send the information on a beam of penetrating short-wave X rays, and then convert it back into images we can see on a screen or photograph. If a paragraph is coherent, each sentence flows smoothly into the next without obvious shifts or jumps. A coherent paragraph also highlights the ties between old information and new information to make the structure of ideas or arguments clear to the reader.
If you have written a very long paragraph, more info that fills a double-spaced typed page, for example, you should check it carefully to see if it should start a new paragraph where the original paragraph wanders from its controlling idea. On the other hand, if a paragraph is very short only one or two sentences, perhapsyou may need to develop its controlling idea more thoroughly, or combine it with another paragraph.
A number of other techniques that you can use to establish coherence in paragraphs are described below. Repeat key words or phrases.
- One of the most important of these is a topic sentence.
- There is no friend truer than a dog.
- This main thesis functions like the topic sentence of the basic paragraph, which we have studied in Lessons 1 and 2.
Particularly in paragraphs in which you define or identify an important idea or theory, be consistent in how you refer to it. This consistency and repetition will bind the paragraph together and help your reader understand your definition or description. Parallel structures are created by constructing two or more phrases or sentences that have the same grammatical structure and use the same parts of speech.
By creating parallel structures you make your sentences clearer and easier to read. In addition, repeating a pattern in a series of consecutive sentences helps your reader see the connections between ideas. In the paragraph above about scientists and the sense of sight, several sentences in the body of the paragraph have been constructed in a parallel way. The parallel structures which have been emphasized help the reader see that the paragraph is organized as a set of examples of a general statement.
Be consistent in point of view, verb tense, and number. Consistency in point of view, verb tense, and number is a subtle but important aspect of coherence. Such inconsistencies can also confuse your reader and make your argument more difficult to follow. Use transition words or does an essay have multiple paragraphs between sentences and between paragraphs.
Transitional expressions emphasize the relationships between ideas, so they help readers follow your train of thought or see connections that they might otherwise miss or misunderstand. FIRST OF ALL, large animals have relatively smaller brains than related, small animals. The correlation of brain size with body size among kindred animals all reptiles, all mammals, FOR EXAMPLE is remarkably regular. AS we move from small to large animals, from mice to elephants or small lizards to Komodo dragons, brain size increases, BUT not so fast as body size.
IN OTHER WORDS, bodies grow faster than brains, AND large animals have low ratios of brain weight to body weight. IN FACT, brains grow only about two-thirds as fast as bodies. SINCE we have no reason to believe that large animals are consistently stupider than their smaller relatives, we must conclude that large animals require relatively less brain to do as well as smaller animals.
IF we do not recognize this relationship, we are likely to underestimate the mental power of very large animals, dinosaurs in particular.