Punctuating with quotation marks Introducing a quotation One of your jobs as a writer is to guide your reader through your text. Don't simply drop quotations into your paper and leave it to the reader to make connections. Integrating a quotation into your text usually involves two elements: Notice how a transitional phrase also serves to connect the quotation smoothly to the introductory statement. Rossin her study of poor and working-class mothers in London from [signal], makes it clear that economic status to a large extent determined the meaning of motherhood [assertion].
Among this population [connection], "To mother was to work for and organize household subsistence" p. The signal can also come after the assertion, again with a connecting word or phrase: Illness was rarely a routine matter in the nineteenth century [assertion]. As [connection] Ross observes [signal], "Maternal thinking about children's health revolved around the possibility of a child's maiming or death" p.
Formatting Quotations Short direct prose Incorporate short direct prose quotations into the text of your paper and enclose them in double quotation marks: According to Jonathan Clarke, "Professional diplomats often say that trying to think diplomatically about foreign policy is a waste of time.
Rules about the minimum length of block quotations, how many spaces to indent, and whether to single- or double-space extended quotations vary with different documentation systems; check the guidelines for the system you're using. Quotation of Up to 3 Lines of Poetry Quotations of up to 3 lines of poetry should be integrated into your sentence. Quotation of More than 3 Lines of Poetry More than 3 lines of poetry should be indented. As with any extended indented quotation, do not use quotation marks unless you need to indicate a quotation within your quotation.
Punctuating with Quotation Marks Parenthetical citations With short quotations, place citations outside of closing quotation marks, followed by sentence punctuation period, question mark, comma, semi-colon, colon: Menand characterizes language as "a social weapon" p. With block quotations, check the guidelines for the documentation system you are using. Commas and periods Place inside closing quotation marks when no parenthetical citation follows: Hertzberg notes that "treating the Constitution as imperfect is not new," but because of Dahl's credentials, his "apostasy merits attention" p.
Semicolons and colons Place outside of closing quotation marks or after a parenthetical citation.
Submission guidelines Suggested ways to introduce quotations When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the quote. Don't forget to include author's last name and page number MLA or author, date, and page number APA in your citation.
Shown below are some possible ways to introduce quotations. The examples use MLA format. You can use a full sentence followed by a colon to introduce a quotation. The setting emphasizes deception: Piercy ends the poem on an ironic note: You can also begin a sentence with your own words, then complete it with quoted words. Hamlet's task is to avenge a beginnig and most unnatural murder" Shakespeare To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma.
Note that the first letter after the quotation quot should be upper case. According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets. APA format doesn't require brackets. According to Smith, "[W]riting is fun" In Smith's words, ". In Smith's view, ". Another way to introduce a critic's words is to use a descriptive verb, followed by a comma. Avoid using says unless the words were originally spoken aloud, for instance, during an interview.
Smith states, "This book is terrific" .
Crafting Great Thesis Statements 1 Start with a question -- then make the startijg your thesis. Regardless of how complicated the subject wity, almost any thesis can be constructed by essag a question. Not all essays persuade, and not all essays teach. The goals of your paper will help you find the best thesis. Breaks down something to better examine and understand it. Teaches or illuminates a point. Makes a claim, or backs up an opinion, to change other peoples' minds. You should address a single issue in great detail so that your points can be fully supported in the body of the paper.
The best theses find a novel, exciting way to approach the topic. They're fresh and dynamic, which makes your essay fresh and dynamic. Do not come up with your thesis and then look it up later. The thesis is the end point of your research, not the beginning. You need to use a thesis you can actually back up with evidence. Ultimately, the only way for his poems to have faith is to temporarily lose it. The scope of "every human interaction" is just too big "Paul Harding's novel Tinkers is ultimately a cry for help from a clearly depressed author.
If you could invent something new, what product would you develop. Use specific details to explain why this invention is needed. In today's era global essay if i were an inventor is the most difficult problem in front of the whole world. If I were be the scientist, I would have invented such an equipment by which we can detect the shortcoming of any event which can be hazardous for our environment. So any equipment which can essay if i were an inventor beforehand that certain event can be dangerous for our enviornment and by that we can stop it and prevent further damage to the atmosphere.
By this invention the entire humanity will be benefited. Now a day, more and more people are using automobiles and fumes out of chemical factories first of all directly affect the human health. They also damage ozone layer which can protect us from harmful ultra violet rays. Deforestation has also added to the problem. There are serious attacks from all the sides on the nature. Our successors will be in grave problem because there will be more and more natural calamities.
Global warming has created threat not only for some endangered species but for all the living beings. There are temperature variations in all the seasons in every part of the world. For example, there are lot of island being formed out of glaciers as a result of high temperature. This problem needs a quick and effective solution. I think we need such an instrument which can help us by warning us prior that certain event is dangerous for the environment. So that we can stop such activities before hand and further damage to the earth's ambience can be prevented.
For example, if we had a machine which could had told our ancestors that deforestation may lead to such problemes ; or they might had known the effect click to see more pollution on ozone layer;or the effect construction of dams on the enviorment on future generation, they would have not done that.
By inventing such an instrument I would be able at least delay the natural disasters in coming future. In the conclusion I will say invention of such a machine which can detect that particular event can alter the balance in the atmosphere can save present as well as the future of humanity. If I could get a chance I would love to protect my surrounding in every possible way..
To determine the most logical shape or order, ask and answer these questions: Is there a basic topic sentence idea that you should present first, before you explain the others, because the reader needs its information as background and because the other topic sentence ideas build upon it. Are there some topic sentences and groups of information that are more important than others. Can you discern a logical pattern, either in ascending or descending order of importance. Are there some topic sentences and groups of information that normally come first in a time sequence.
Order of complexity, order of importance, and time order are three basic, logical ways of shaping ideas to help the reading audience follow the flow of thought. For example, consider the sample topic sentence, Adults returning to college face time, study, emotional, and family problems.
Assuming that the order of the topic sentences in the support follows the order of ideas in the thesis, see more these ideas arranged in a logical order. There doesn't seem to be any idea that has to be explained first. Also, each of the topic sentences that could be developed from this thesis seems equally complex. And the ideas don't exist in any type of chronological order. So how do you determine a logical shape and order of ideas for this essay.
One way is to move from the problems that affect just one person, the student, to the problems that affect the whole family emotional problems-study skills-juggling work and family-changing family roles. Another way is to move from the problems that can be dealt with more directly to those that are more complex to deal with study skills-juggling work and family-changing family roles-emotional problems.
The point here is that there needs to be some rationale or logical connection for ordering the ideas in the essay so that the essay's shape makes sense to others. Emphasis as a Means of Ordering Information in an Essay Emphasis, according to the American Heritage Dictionary, is a "special importance or significance placed upon. You emphasize main ideas when you place them at the start of the essay or the unit of support.
If you place the thesis toward the start of the essay and the topic sentences toward the start of each unit of support, you gear all of the support toward proving those main ideas. Emphasizing main ideas by placing them first is called deduction, which creates a general-to-specific structure in the essay by placing the major information first. Deduction helps you focus on an argument and create a case, as it requires you to see more support around a main point. The Impatient Silent Twitchers form an interesting group of line-standers because of their variety.
The Wristwatch Checkers are the mildest sub-group of this larger group. Their bodies remain quiet except for the one arm where that powerful necessity, the wristwatch, sits. Maybe that the electric battery in the watch emits tiny electrical impulses to the nerves Wristwatch Checkers are dangerous only in busy lines that wind back on themselves. As long as you're far enough away from them, though, they can make good line companions on warm, windless days.
The Five-Paragraph Essay A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writing an essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills. The following material is adapted from a handout prepared by Harry Livermore for his high school English classes at Cook High School in Adel, Georgia. It is used here with his permission. Introductory Paragraph See, first, Writing Introductory Paragraphs for different ways of getting your reader involved in your essay.
The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the paper: The last sentence of this paragraph must also contain a transitional "hook" which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper. Body — First paragraph: The first paragraph of the body should contain the strongest argument, most significant example, cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginning point.
The first sentence of this paragraph should include the "reverse hook" which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body.
Body — Second paragraph: The second paragraph of the body should contain the second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body. Body — Third paragraph: The third paragraph of the body should contain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body.
The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper. This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph.
Your people would be less likely to start click here Full-sentence outline: Each roman numeral I, II, III, IV… indicates the start of a new paragraph. Each capital letter A, B, C, D… indicates a main point ddoes the structure of the paragraph. So in our introduction, A. Each Arabic numeral 1, 2, 3, 4… indicates a sentence or piece of supporting evidence for each main point.
So in the first body paragraph II. Example of a full-sentence outline: Warming Our World and Chilling Our Future Thesis Statement: Today I want what does an essay look like it share what I have learned about global warming and its causes. Global warming is alive and well and thriving in Antarctica. In winteran iceberg the size of Rhode Island broke off. In Octoberan iceberg the size of Delaware broke off.
All of us have shat lot at stake. I love the outdoors. Global warming is a gradual warming of the Earth from human activities citation. It is characterized by a high concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Each year five tons of CO2 are pumped into the atmosphere citation. The carbon dioxide traps heat. Carbon pollutants also eat what does an essay look like it hole in the ozone layer citation. In this hole set a size record. This allows more ultraviolet radiation to reach Earth.
If this problem is not corrected; we may see disastrous results citation.
They allow you to arrange your ideas in a clear and meaningful way that the reader can easily follow. If you think of writing as being a type of journey, you can think of transition words as being like sign posts on this journey. They keep the traveler moving in the right direction and always aware of where she is headed. Without transition words, your reader runs the risk of getting lost in a confusing jumble of disorganized thinking. This post will teach you about the different transition words that are available and how to effectively use them in your writing.
Example Transition Words There are dozens if not hundreds of possible transition words and phrases. Here are the categories: As you can see, transition words serve a variety of purposes. For your convenience, I made a table of some of the more common transition words and separated them into categories. If you want more examples, check out this extensive list of transition words. Good Transition Words in Use So, now you understand the different types of transition words that are available.
Let me give you an example of how good transition words can help improve your writing. First, I will write a paragraph using no transition words at all. Sophie was bitten by a black widow when she was a child. Sophie spent several days in the hospital recovering. She still has a red scar on her leg where the spider bit her.